Traction Adaptive Motion Planning at the Limits of Handling


In this paper we address the problem of motion planning and control at the limits of handling, under locally varying traction conditions. We propose a novel solution method where locally varying traction is represented by time-varying tire force constraints. A constrained finite time optimal control problem is solved in a receding horizon fashion, imposing these time-varying constraints. Furthermore, we employ a sampling augmentation procedure to address the problems of infeasibility and sensitivity to local minima that arises when the constraint configuration is altered. We validate the proposed algorithm on a Volvo FH16 heavy-duty vehicle, in a range of critical scenarios. Experimental results indicate that traction adaptation improves the vehicle’s capacity to avoid accidents, both when adapting to low and high local traction.

IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology